What Containment labs operate in Frederick County?
In Frederick County, Biosafety level 3 and 4 (BSL-3 and BSL-4) labs are located within the perimeter of Fort Detrick. Two private BSL-3 labs are located outside of Fort Detrick. There are no BSL-4 laboratories operating in Frederick County outside of the perimeter of Fort Detrick.

Inside Fort Detrick are laboratory facilities operated by:

• Army (US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, or USAMRIID),

• Dept. of Homeland Security (National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center, or NBACC),

• National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Disease or NIAID (Integrated Research Facility, or IRF), and

• US Dept. of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research Unit)

As of December 2011, the existing USAMRIID lab, the USDA labs and portions of the Homeland Security labs are in operation.

The portion of the Homeland security laboratory that is operational was certified by Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), as of September 2011. The remaining portion is anticipated to be certified and become operational in late 2012.

The NIAID facility is under construction, and is expected to be certified and become operational in 2012-13.

Another Army laboratory, the Medical Countermeasures Medical Countermeasures Test & Evaluation (MCT&E) facility is still in the planning stages.

A new USAMRIID facility is under construction, with estimated completion reported for 2015.

Outside of Fort Detrick, there are two privately-operated containment (biosafety level 3, or ‘BSL-3’) labs in Frederick County. The State of Maryland holds information on the locations and operators of these labs.

Maryland law defines who this information can be shared with and that includes emergency planners and responders but not the general public. The State of Maryland requires any individual with access to the most dangerous microbes to be registered with the Maryland Biological Agent Registry program.

Sources:

www.cdc.gov 

Annotated Code of Maryland, Title 10 Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Subtitle 10 Laboratories, Chapter 11, Biological Agents Registry Program. 
http://dhmh.state.md.us/labs/html/about/leprac.html 

www.selectagents.gov
www.usda.gov 
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13265
www.dhmh.state.md.us/labs/html/terrorism/BAR_Policy_(2008).pdf
http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=19-20-00-00
http://www.bnbi.org/index.html

Show All Answers

1. What is a containment lab?
2. What do the Bio-safety level designations mean?
3. What Containment labs operate in Frederick County?
4. What is the National Interagency Biodefense Campus (NIBC)?
5. What disease-causing organisms do the labs in Frederick County work on?
6. What is a select agent and how are they controlled?
7. Do the labs in Frederick County conduct research on ‘weaponized’ pathogens and/or conduct classified research?
8. Why would any laboratory choose to work with select agents?
9. Who operates the labs?
10. Where are the BSL-3 and BSL-4 containment labs located in Frederick County?
11. Why are these labs in Frederick County and not somewhere else?
12. What are the potential ways for microbes to escape from a lab, and how do the labs prevent this from happening?
13. What agencies oversee operations to ensure safety?
14. How often are the labs inspected?
15. How did the presentations at the CLCAC Meeting by Emergency and Health Services personnel relate to the charted mission of the CLCAC regarding public health and safety of the Frederick community?
16. What is the time-line for Fort Detrick Officials to notify Frederick County first-responders when there is an abnormal event or incident on the Fort Detrick campus?
17. What is the County action plan for public notification and potential evacuation when Fort Detrick reports the release of an infectious material/toxin/contaminated animal or specimen into the Community
18. What are the notification procedures in the event of a release of an infectious material(s) or toxin or contaminated animal or specimen (“materials") at a Fort Detrick facility?
19. Is there a permanent real-time meteorological monitoring station on the Fort Detrick campus which supports an abnormal event or incident on the Fort Detrick campus?
20. What is the difference between biological material and nuclear material?
21. How did the presentations at the CLCAC Meeting by Emergency Management and Health Services personnel relate to the charted mission of the CLCAC regarding County Public Health and Safety?